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Stock exchange Wikipedia

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It has three markets, with the minimum market capitalization for listing sitting at 300 billion Irani Riyals and a 15% equity to asset ratio. There are twenty stock exchanges in the world that have a market capitalization of over US$1 trillion each. These exchanges accounted for 87% of global market capitalization in 2016.[1] Some exchanges do include companies from outside the country where the exchange is located. These were the most significant and largest stock exchanges present in the world that play a vital role in the global economy. Also, the list we have mentioned is based on the latest surveys of 2021.

Also known as SEHK, it is owned by the Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEX). In total, the German stock exchange AG employs more than 4500 people at 22 locations worldwide. So Deutsche Börse is not the largest stock exchange in the world but a major stock exchange in Europe. The exchange also supports over 2,500 tradable financial instruments including equity shares, exchange traded funds (ETFs), exchange traded notes (ETNs) and exchange traded commodities (ETCs). At $1.45 trillion market cap the Australia Stock Exchange (ASX) is the largest in Australia with not much competition to the top spot on the continent. Some of the largest companies include Commonwealth Bank, Westpac Banking Corp, and CSL Limited.

Notable market events have included the 1929 Wall Street Crash, the 1987 Black Tuesday, and the 1997 mini-crash. Second on the list is the tech-heavy NASDAQ founded on February 4, 1971, also in New York, with a market capitalization of $6.831 Trillion. It is owned by NASDAQ, Inc, and first exchange to use electronic system in trading.

References to the mentioned apps/websites are dynamic in nature, and we shall strive to keep these updated. Lately, there was also news that it was in negotiation with the London Stock exchange for merging with them, but the deal did not finalize as they did not get approval from shareholders. Recently SSE has also established the ChiNext board which comprises high-tech and high-growth start-ups.

  • These bonds can be raised through the stock exchange whereby members of the public buy them, thus loaning money to the government.
  • Stock Exchanges are fully furnished that are designated for the brokers and members who deal with the buying and selling of securities.
  • Many renowned companies are listed under this huge stock exchange such as HSBC Holdings, AIA, Tencent Holdings, China Mobile, and PetroChina.
  • From the late Middle Ages to the present day, the political and economic world has changed enormously.
  • It was founded in 1817, but it didn’t operate under the NYSE name until 1963.

China is a developed economy that is fastidiously involved in supporting the equity markets. Whereas, regulators are known for imposing trading circuit breakers in order to prevent price volatility. However, when uncertainty in olymp trade forex broker review the market befalls and reaches up to a specific level, the government holds the right to suspend trading for the day. It comprises 3500 companies with a syndicated market capitalization crossing over $5 trillion benchmarks.

Each stock listed on the SSE has ‘A’ shares that are priced in the local yuan currency, and ‘B’ shares that are quoted in US dollars. ‘A’ shares are for domestic investment only, with the exception of investors who qualify for the foreign investment scheme, while ‘B’ shares are available to both domestic and foreign investors. It was established in 1981, and has more than 2,300 companies listed on it. More than 50% of the companies listed on the Hong Kong Exchange reportedly operate in Mainland China. This exchange is home to companies, including AIA, HSBC Holdings, PetroChina, etc.

Leading global stock exchanges worldwide 2023, by value of traded shares

It takes into consideration that the market will eventually rally up at pre-dip prices at some point. Companies have also raised significant amounts of capital through R&D limited partnerships. Tax law changes that were enacted in 1987 in the United States changed the tax deductibility of investments in R&D limited partnerships. In order for a partnership to be of interest to investors today, the cash on cash return must be high enough to entice investors. There are more than 3,700 companies listed on the Japan Exchange Group. The benchmark index of the Tokyo Stock Exchange is Nikkei, and Toyota, Suzuki, Honda, Mitsubishi, and Sony are a few of the eminent companies listed here.

  • Although it is currently owned by Intercontinental Exchange, the origin of the NYSE can be traced to the Buttonwood Agreement on the 17th of May, 1792.
  • The New York Stock Exchange founded on May 17, 1792, is the world’s biggest stock exchange in trader value and has a capitalization of $19.223 Trillion USD.
  • By ​Deepta Bolaky

    “Buy the Dips” and “Sell the Rallies” are widely followed strategies by new or experienced traders.

  • A takeover bid or mergers and acquisitions through the stock market is one of the simplest and most common ways for a company to grow by acquisition or fusion.
  • Also, the list we have mentioned is based on the latest surveys of 2021.

It was originated from the first stock exchange of the world which was the Amsterdam Stock Exchange and was founded in 2000. It is also known as the European stock exchange and is considered to be the best stock exchange in Europe. Without a doubt, major companies around the world are the largest providers of economic wealth.

BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange)

Traders are increasingly looking to Asian markets late Sunday afternoon to gauge whether the larger US counterparts will swing higher or decline through the week’s first session. The London and New York stock exchanges are the world’s oldest and among the most popular, but major exchanges in Asia and Europe cropped up throughout the 1990s and early 2000s. With market volatility stabilizing at heightened levels and investors monitoring price action throughout the day, stock exchanges around the world are more relevant than ever.

These exchanges provide the platform needed by various corporations all over the World to provide the general public the opportunity to invest in them. Companies belonging to all of the sectors from agriculture to IT are listed on the stock exchanges. Also located in the commercial city of Mumbai, the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is another leading Indian stock exchange. It was established in 1992 to provide a modern, fully automated electronic trading system, and it was the first electronic exchange in the country. Nasdaq Nordic is a subsidiary of Nasdaq and it is a pan European Exchange comprised of seven different exchanges in Copenhagen, Helsinki, Finland, Iceland, Talin, Riga, and Vilnius.


The New York Stock Exchange’s market capitalisation was $23.12 trillion in March 2018 – this is nearly 40% of the total world stock market value. There are over 2400 companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange, which span sectors such as finance, trading with plus500 healthcare, consumer goods and energy. Traditionally, stock exchanges were physical buildings in each country of operation, but with the shift toward electronic trading many have closed their trading floors and switched to online platforms.

The Largest Stock Exchanges In Europe

The Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) is located in the Futian district of Shenzhen, in the People’s Republic of China. It is the second independently operated stock exchange in mainland China. Although it is currently owned by Intercontinental Exchange, the origin of the NYSE can be traced to the Buttonwood Agreement on the 17th of May, 1792.

Established on November 26, 1990, the Shanghai Stock exchange has more than 1500 companies listed on it, and the SSE Composite Index is used to look at the broad sentiment of this exchange. NASDAQ was an acronym for the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations. It was founded on February 8, 1971, by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), which was formerly known as the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD). It was the first stock exchange to perform electronic quotations and trading. The SIX Swiss Exchange is an unlisted company that is owned by other financial institutions.

Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money. Even though this exchange was established in 1971, chapter 20 numerical differentiation it has quickly grown to be the second-biggest exchange. This exchange boasts of some of the biggest tech companies, including Apple, Facebook, Microsoft and more.

As of May 2015, the number of listed stocks on the exchange was more than a thousand companies, and the trading volume is more than $536 billion per month. A stock exchange is a marketplace where investors buy and sell stocks, bonds, and other exchange-traded securities. There are over 60 major stock exchanges around the globe, with different market capitalizations and monthly trading volume. Market capitalization mentioned earlier as a criteria for compiling this list simply refers to the market value of a public company’s outstanding shares. The market capitalization of all stocks that trade on these exchanges is derived by multiplying the share price by the number of shares.

Hong Kong Exchanges

Another one of the largest stock exchanges in the world, Euronext is home to the AEX-INDEX, the CAC 40 and the PSI-20. At the stock exchange, share prices rise and decreases depending, largely, on economic forces. Share prices tend to rise or remain stable when companies and the economy in general show signs of stability and growth. A recession, depression, or financial crisis could eventually lead to a stock market crash. Therefore, the movement of share prices and in general of the stock indexes can be an indicator of the general trend in the economy. Third on the list is the London Stock Exchange Group in the United Kingdom and Italy founded on 1801 and has a capitalization of $6.187 Trillion.

In this way the mutual organization becomes a corporation, with shares that are listed on a stock exchange. Each stock exchange imposes its own listing requirements upon companies that want to be listed on that exchange. Such conditions may include minimum number of shares outstanding, minimum market capitalization, and minimum annual income. The Bolsas y Mercados Españoles is a Spanish financial company that operates stock exchanges and financial markets in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, and Valencia. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange is one of three major Chinese stock exchanges.

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